A scientific discipline, a set of practices and a social movement. As a science, it studies how the different components of the agroecosystem interact. As a set of practices, it seeks sustainable agricultural systems that optimize and stabilize production. As a social movement, it pursues multifunctional roles for agriculture, promotes social justice, nurtures identity and culture, and strengthens the economic viability of rural areas. Family farmers are the people who have the tools to practice agroecology. They are the real guardians of the knowledge and wisdom needed for this discipline. Therefore, family farmers around the world are the key elements for producing food in an agroecological way.
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