Natural resource preservation and protection are challenges that confront every region of the world. Below are select discussions of these issues and actions being taken within each of six regions of the world.1


As you learned in this chapter’s case study, the great tropical forest of the Congo has long been threatened by mining-related deforestation. However, in recent years the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been taking steps towards climate-smart development in the interest of mitigating the effects of climate change and reducing deforestation. Learn more about this here.

Affrica map

Asia Pacific

In a response to the widespread damage and devastation in the Great Barrier Reef, one of the natural wonders of the world, the Resilient Reefs Imitative aims towards community-based resilience projects to improve the condition of the reefs. Read more on this here.

southeast Asia map


With the initiative of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection in the country of Georgia, a working group including the President of the German Federal Environmental Agency was created to investigate the potential of constructing a biosphere reserve. Read more about this initiative here.

Europe map

North America

The Gulf of Mexico region of the United States contains an abundance of natural resources. The Healthy Gulf (formerly Gulf Restoration Network) organizes the public around protecting these resources. Go to the Healthy Gulf website for news about recent actions taken to protect the Gulf of Mexico.

North America map

Latin America

Demand for Latin America’s mineral, agricultural, and energy wealth is fueling regional growth. But natural ecosystems must also be conserved, along with the services they provide to society, for regional development to endure. To achieve this, the Latin America Conservation Council (LACC) renewed its commitment to address the issue of ecosystem conservation at a special conference. Go here for more on this.

Latin America map

South Asia

New DNA technology is now helping law enforcement track down ivory poachers. With this new technology, international law enforcement is able to stop major poachers from continuing to deplete rhinoceros populations in poaching hotspots located in South Asia and Africa. To learn more about this technology, click here.
south Asia map

Questions to Consider

If you had the opportunity, what country in the world would you most like to visit for the first time? Is your interest in the country in any way connected to its natural environment? Do some research on your country of interest and investigate:

  • What are this country’s most notable natural resources?
  • Is the country doing anything to preserve and protect its natural resources?