By working through this chapter, you will:

The orangutan is an essential part of Borneo and Sumatra’s rich biodiversity. The islands are losing their biodiversity – and their orangutans – due to massive deforestation. Read more about the fate of the orangutan at the Borneo Orangutan Survival Australia website. 1

  • Investigate a case study that raises key issues concerning biodiversity.
  • Identify the ecosystem services provided by biodiversity.
  • Explain the relationship between biodiversity and evolution.
  • Describe Earth’s major biomes and aquatic ecosystems.
  • Discuss current major threats to biodiversity.
  • Analyze key ethical challenges concerning biodiversity and understand the moral principles, goals, and virtues important for guiding decisions that affect Earth’s plant and animal life.
  • Describe the ways in which biodiversity has been spiritually experienced and expressed by human beings for thousands of years.
  • Learn about action taking place in the world today to address threats to biodiversity.
  • Consider a possible action that addresses a biodiversity threat in your community.